The ancient Egyptians, who valued emerald as a symbol of fertility and life, mined this bright green variety of beryl as early as 1300 BCE. Colonial Spain removed a great many emeralds from deposits in Colombia. Other localities include Russia, Austria, Norway, Australia, Brazil, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Pakistan, Zambia, and North Carolina. Metaphysically, emerald works with the heart (4th) chakra to instill love and compassion, as well as to open one to true abundance and prosperity.
Topaz occurs in a variety of colors, the most well-known being imperial (golden-yellow sherry) topaz, blue topaz and pink topaz. Blue topaz can occur naturally but is typically pale. Natural pink stones are rare, though yellow topaz from Brazil turns pink when heated. Topaz sheds light on “the path,” enabling one to “be” rather than “do.” Notable localities for gem-quality topaz include Brazil, Russia, Nigeria, Scotland, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Mexico, Colorado, Texas and California.